Saturday, May 31, 2008

St. Albertus History - Poletown, Detroit

This is a photograph of the second St. Albertus built after 1872. The wooden altars of this church came from the first St. Albertus (built in 1872 - no photographs exist) and were moved to the present church on St. Aubin.

A few of the priests who served the Polish Community.

Second row, third from left: Fr. Jan Mueller (married many at St. Albertus - including my great grandparents) and Fr. Paul Budnik (my great grandfather's cousin).

The nucleus of Detroit's first Polish settlement was formed by a number of Poles who arrived in the city during the middle of the 1850's. As former residents of the Pomerania and Poznan sections of partitioned Poland, then under Prussian rule, the newly arrived Poles settled in and around the city's German-speaking community. Even though few of these Poles attended St. Mary's German Roman Catholic Church on the corner of St. Antonie and Croghan (Monroe) Streets, the majority utilized the facilities of St. Joseph's German Roman Catholic Church first located on Gratiot between Riopelle and Orleans Streets and later on the southwest corner of Orleans and Jay Street. But the Poles were not satisfied with this arrangement (Actually, the Germans forced the Poles to sit in the back of the church....I'm just sayin....) Continuing on...

Desiring to praise God in their native tongue, they began to take steps to organize their own parish in 1870.

Guided by Fr. Simon Wieczorek, CR, who had come down occasionally from Parisville, Huron County, Michigan, to attend to the spiritual needs of his countrymen in Detroit, the Poles organized the St. Stanislaus Kostka Society and began to collect funds for the building of a church. Even though he had some misgivings about the Poles' ability to successfully finance the project, Bishop Caspar Henry Borgess granted his approval.

The plot purchased by the parish committee composed of John Lemke, John Kolodziejczky (I gave up pronouncing that one!), Anthony Treppa, and Anthony Ostrowski comprised lot thirty-six of the old French St. Aubin Farm. Measuring 100 feet wide and 270 feed deep, situated on the western side of St. Aubin Avenue below the southern corner of Fremont (East Canfield) Street, the land cost $600 which was paid in full to the owner Phillip Beaubien. The transaction was completed November 9, 1871.

On this first parcel of St. Albertus Parish's real estate property arose the congregation's first "church and priesthouse." The building contract, dated October 11, 1871, was signed by architect John Wiesenhoffer and thirty charter members of the parish.

Construction of the frame church was begun on June 13, 1872. Bishop Borgess blessed and dedicated the church to St. Wojciech on July 14. Due to difficulties in finding a correct English equivalent for their Polish-Bohemian patron, St. Wojciech, the early pastors and parishioners borrowed the erroneous Latin equivalent Adalbertus, translating into English as St. Albertus or St. Albert.

The opening of St. Albertus led to the movement of the Poles into the neighborhood of St. Aubin and Fremont in order to be close to their own church. This migration resulted in the establishment of Detroit' first Polish neighborhood, known among Detroits as "Poletown;" to the Poles, however, it was "Wojciechowo," (Pronounced "Voy chek ovo") the "District of St. Albertus." (This information attributed to Allan R. Treppa, 1982)

The parish celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 1920. A commemorative booklet contained the names of seventy-two members of the Honorary Committee of the Golden Jubilee, which included some of the names of some of the founders of the parish or their immediate descendants:

Jan Baka (His descendants guard St. Albertus), Jan Becker, Edward Bernack, Jozef Bialk, Antoni Boza, Jan Brzozowski, Marcin Cwiejkowski, Jozef Cylke (Zielke - related to the Kreft family), Jan Detloff, Michal Domzolski, Jan Dopke, Franciszek Elwart (related to the Detloff family), Antoni Fleming, Jan Fleming, Sr., Jan Fleming (Jr.), Jozef Fleming, Edward Gajewski, Robert Glowczewski, Pani Gneba, Antoni Gojke (related to the Kreft and Budnik families), Jozef Gojke (see previous), Teofil Gostomwski, Franciszek Grenka, Marcin Grenka, Antoni Herr, Konstancja Herr, Pani Herr & Family, Jan Hildebrandt, Jozef Jagla, Jan Kaminski, Jozef Karsznia, Albert Klebba (related to the Detloff family), Jan Klebba (see previous), Xavery B. Konkel (street named for his family and also this is the same family that owned Konkel Funeral Home), Antoni Kortas, Julia Koss, Jan Kreft (related to the Zielke, Lemke, Detloff, Czappa, Budnik and Gojke families), Marcin Kulwicki (of Kulwicki Funeral Home), August Kuntz, Dr. Stan Lachajewski, Alexander Lemke , Bazyli Lemke, Antoni Lepke (related to previous), Jozef Lorkowski, Idzi Maisel, Franciszek Majk, Jan Miotke, Pani Mulawa, Antoni Nowe, Jan Ostrowski (grandson married into the Malinowski family who married into the Kreft family), August Priba, Franciszek Schmidt, Antoni Sikora, Jozef Sikora, Jan Skrzycki, Tomas Sobkowiak, August Steinhabel, Jan Steinhabel, August Steiber (later Stobar), Franciszek Strzyzewski, Antoni Szkotzke, August Szornak, Franciszek Tribeza, Antoni Trepa, Jan Wagner, Jan Welsland, Jakob Wolff, Bernard Zentarski (married into the Gohr, Malinowski family. Gohr family also married into the Biegalski family who married into the Malinowski family), and Jan Zynda (who also married into the Gojke/Kreft families). (These names are attributed to but most likely the research of either JGBann or Jim Tye - originally printed in "The Eaglet".)


cheap viagra said...

Contrasting with the plain brick of the exterior, the interior of St. Albertus has an ornate Medieval flair. The altars, baptismal font, and the wainscot are made of patterned terra-cotta. The ceiling is ornately painted. Sixty-three pieces of painted plaster sculpture are within the church, and the windows are decorated with Medieval-style stained glass.

Elliott Broidy said...

That's fascinating.

Unknown said...

I do belive you spelled Martin wrong in the above paragraph is in : Marcine Kulwicki from Kulwicki Funersl home. Martin Kulwicki was my grandmothers grandfather. She grew up in the apartment upstairs of the funeral home her father was Joesph Kulwicki.